Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2020

Danish Maniyar

, Tech

Programming is a fundamental skill you can have in your professional life. Even for non-IT personnel programming can help to solve their life problems. They can open side freelancing business or can make a mark in their work field by automating some tasks by programming.

Programming can make business easier or sometimes is a business itself. Either way, programming is a great skill to have. And as a beginner programmer or even as a pro, you must be in touch with the market. You should know about trends in programming languages since programming language is not just some loop statement or a bunch of if-else conditions. It defines your culture, your community, and your future in the Computer science field.

As a beginner, the first language you choose and start to work with really sets the pace for your indefinite direction. It’s like first love.

So, select your programming language wisely by first deciding your Goal in mind that what you want to be and what you want to build, what are industries requirements, and always keep yourself updated according to market.

Here we got you 5 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2020

  1. Python

    It is ranked 1st, according to both PYPL and Google Trends.

    Python is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language i.e., it is used in various fields like Web development, Machine Learning, Data Science, Android development, etc. 

    And due to this feature of it, it is in massive demand in the market. Machine learning and data science applications can now be easily implemented due to its easy English like syntax’s and high readability. It is easy to use and deploy language. Google Search, YouTube, Instagram, Quora, Reddit are all made of python.

    It is very much a beginner-friendly and therefore has been adopted by many world-renowned universities like MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Oxford, Stanford, etc. as the best programming languages to learn for beginners.


    Features of Python
    Image Source: Data Flair

    Merits:-
    – Based on OOP concepts
    – Easy to make and easy to deploy applications
    – Beginner-friendly
    – Easy English syntax’s
    – High scalability for even complex applications
    – Huge library support
    – Interoperability with every other language even C and C++
    – Tremendous community support and development
    – Ideal for testing applications

    Demerits:-
    – Huge competition
    – Interpreter based therefore a bit slower

  2. JavaScript

    JavaScript is an interface development language and is one of the best programming languages to learn.

    It means it is used to develop interfaces for various applications for work applications, for example, a website or app for a machine learning project on which it will run. Therefore its market keeps on increasing. Nowadays, it is widely used for web development.

    It gives functionality to the static web page. It is being used for both front and back end development. And if you want to jump in web development, you must know JavaScript. It has got tons of community support and frameworks like ReactJS, Vue.JS.

    Node.js lets developers use JavaScript for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser.

    Hence now with JavaScript, you can use just one programming language for server-side and client-side scripts.


    Features of Javascript
    Image Source: Educba

    Merits:-
    – Used for both front and back end development
    – Huge job market
    – Supported by every browser
    – Significant community support and framework availability
    – 2nd most popular language according to Google trends
    – 3rd according to PYPL

    Demerits:-
    – Huge competition

  3. JAVA

    Java is an Object-Oriented Programming language and is mainly used for Android development now.

    It also has applications in desktop app development, too, although it has been facing a little bit of decline due to Kotlin. But it is permanent and is not going to go anywhere due to its wide variety of applications and frameworks and communities like Android Studio, a JAVA based android development framework.

    If you are looking for working in big software development organizations, JAVA is your go-to language. It’s a very stable language with an all-time demand feature.


    Features of JAVA
    Image Source: Javatpoint


    Merits:-
    – OOP based features
    – Ideal for app development
    – The vast amount of library system and community support
    – Platform independence thanks to the JVM feature (Java Virtual Machine)
    – Supports multi-threading

    Demertis:-
    – Not much beginner-friendly
    – Hectic syntax

  4. Swift

    Swift is a pervasive iOS app development language. There was a time when Swift was the only language for iOS development, but now more languages and platforms have appeared like Flutter and React Native.

    But Swift is a stable language. It’s not going anywhere. Payment applications of iOS are still implemented on Swift.


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    Merits:-
    – Beginner-friendly
    – Low Market competition since fewer apple developers
    – Regularly updated 
    – Can be used for both client and server-side

    Demerits:
    – Community support is small for now

  5. Go

    GO is one of the Best Programming Language to Learn in 2020. Go, also known as Golang, was developed by Google in 2007 and officially announced in 2009.

    It was launched to nullify the criticism of C++ used in Google, and the Idea is to implement Static typing and Runtime efficiency of C++, but with readability like Python.


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    Go was on the decline in 2019, but its usage is increasing. According to PYPL (Popularity of Programming Language Index), Go is on the rise.


    Why GoLang?

    Features of Go language
    Image Source: Devopedia

    Merits:-
    – It was made by Google and is regularly updated
    – Static typing and efficiency of C++
    – Readability of python
    – Ideal for single-page applications

    Demerits:-
    – No GUI library
    – Less recognition in India for now
    – Less library support

Above are some of the best programming languages to learn in 2020.