Diabetes- Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Precautions

Whats is Diabetes?

Diabetes is one of the common metabolic diseases in India that is found in men and women above 40 yrs. However, in recent years the diseases has become prevalent amongst youngsters as well. The diseases occur when the blood glucose of your body is too high. This could be due to two reasons- one is a hormone known as insulin that helps in storing energy in the body is not sufficiently created, or your body is unable to use the hormone. If the problem is not treated timely, it could lead to severe results such as this functioning of kidneys, nervous system, kidneys, eyes, and other organs of the body.

There are Four Types of Diabetes

  • Type 1 Diabetes – It is an autoimmune disease. This condition is caused when the immune system destroys the cells present in the pancreas, where insulin is made. 
  • Type 2 Diabetes – The body becomes resistant to insulin, and the sugar level rises in the body.
  • Prediabetes – This is the condition when blood sugar is high however it is not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational Diabetes – This type of diabetes occurs during the pregnancy when the placenta starts producing hormones that block insulin.

General Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Excessive hunger and thirst
  • Frequent Urination
  • Access Fatigue
  • Blurry Vision
  • Soars
  • Reduced muscle strength and Erectile disinfection amongst men
  • Yeast and Urinary tract infection amongst women.

Causes Of Diabetes

  • The immune system mistakenly starts damaging the production of the insulin in the pancreas.
  • Hereditary or Family History
  • Bad Lifestyle
  • Overweight
  • Hormonal changes

Ill Effects of Diabetes

  • Heart problems – heart attack and stroke.
  • Nephropathy
  • Neuropathy
  • Loss of vision
  • Problem in hearing
  • Soars that cannot be treated
  • Dementia
  • Frequent skin infections

Ill Effects of Gestational Diabetes

  • Higher weight than usual the time of birth
  • Premature Birth
  • Jaundice
  • Stillbirth
  • Low blood sugar
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Precaution and Cure

As soon as you experience the above-listed symptoms, contact your doctor immediately, and start the medication. Besides suggested, you can take the following steps to control diabetes.

  1. Change your Lifestyle
    A bad lifestyle is a common cause of many-body problems, including diabetes. Though you cannot get rid of diabetes completely, but you can keep your blood sugar level in the check for this, you have to make some good changes in your lifestyle.

    First things first, do not lead a sedentary lifestyle. Go for morning and evening walks and exercise regularly to keep yourself in shape and enhance the angry level. Also, avoid junk food and consume food that is prepared at home. Make sure you do not consume sweet foods and consume a balanced diet that has most of the necessary nutrients. Last but not least, sleep for at least 8 hours at night. And most importantly, avoid smoking and drinking it could ruin the condition.

  2. Regular Physical Activity
    Regular exercise can help you to reduce the weight and lower the blood sugar level. It will also boost sensitivity to insulin, which will help to keep the blood sugar within the normal range. Regular yoga sessions or aerobics can also help you a considerable number. You can also opt for resistance training to control diabetes.

  3. Add Plenty of Fibre to your Diet
    Fibre has numerous health benefits. It reduces the risk diabetes as it controls the blood sugar level. It will also reduce the risk of heart diseases, such as heart attack and stroke. The best thing about fiber is that it keeps you full for a long period, and thus, you do not wish to eat in excessive or at uneven time. Vegetables, fruits, beans, nuts and grains are excellent sources of fibre. Make sure you include these foods in your diet on a regular basis.

  4. Opt for Whole Grains
    Whole grains help to maintain the blood sugar level in the body that further helps to control diabetes. In order to get maximum benefits convert half of your grains into whole grains. You can get entire grain breads and past from the online medical store PharmEasy.

    The online shopping store has a wide range of medical instruments and medicines for most of the health problems, including diabetes. Do use PharmEasy promo code to get a discount while shopping online. While buying the food products, look for the term whole on its package to be sure that you are buying whole-grain food products only.

  5. Keep your Blood Pressure and Cholesterol in Check
    If you do not want to be the victim of any complication then keep your blood pressure and cholesterol in control. Visit your doctor regularly and take the necessary steps. If the problem is not dealt on time, it could lead to severe heart problems.

  6. Check your Sugar Level Regularly
    Check your sugar level regularly to know the level of your sugar, and accordingly, you can follow the medication. The ideal blood sugar level is less than 100 to 125 mg/dL. If it is high or too low, contact your doctor immediately.


Diabetes is one of the common and severe health problems which cannot be treated completed; however, you can control the blood sugar level in order to avoid complications.